are most frequently used for heating metal parts by insertion into drilled holes. For easy installation, these heater elements
slightly undersize relative to their nominal diameter.
The majority of applications do not require maximum watt/in². Use a watt density only as high as needed. Take advantage of the safety margin provided by using
ratings less than the maximum allowed. Select space heaters for most even heat pattern rather than the highest possible wattage per heater.
At medium Watt densities, general purpose drills are usually adequate for drilling holes. Typically, these result in holes .003" to .008" over the nominal
size of the drill, resulting in fits of .010" .015". Of course, the tightest fit is desirable from a heat transfer standpoint, but somewhat looser fits
aid in installing and removing cartridge heater elements, especially long ones. Holes drilled completely through the part are recommended to facilitate removal
of the heater. After drilling, clean or degrease the part to remove cutting lubricants.
When high density cartridge heaters are used, holes should be drilled and reamed, rather than just drilled to final diameter with a general purpose drill. At high watt
densities, a close fit is important. The fit is the difference between the minimum diameter of the heater and maximum diameter of the hole.
For example, at 1/2" diameter an OMEGALUX™ cartridge heater element is actually .498" plus 000" minus .005". If this heater is placed in a hole
which has been drilled and reamed to a diameter of .503" - .493" = .010").